Computers and microprocessors have become ubiquitous over the past decade. Your smart phone, your television set and possibly even your coffee maker has some form of computing chip inside of it allowing it to carry out its functions. Computing power has increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moore’s Law, which states that the number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits will double every 18 months, has been true for the last few decades. However, computer technology has advanced so rapidly in the past couple of years that transistors are rapidly the theoretical limit, the size of atoms. Scientists are trying to circumvent this issue through something known as ‘Quantum Computing’.